Restart a Stuck Fermentation using UVAFERM 43 RESTART™ (Preferred Method)
Last updated: 6/2022
Applies to: Winemakers needing to restart a stuck fermentation. Contains a printable pdf download of the protocol and accompanying worksheet.
WHY UVAFERM 43 RESTART™?
UVAFERM 43 RESTART™ is a pre-acclimated yeast adapted to quickly restart a stuck fermentation. During production, an acclimation step includes addition of micronutrients, sterols, and polyunsaturated fatty acids to strengthen 43 RESTART cell membranes. These yeast cells are therefore more robust, acclimate quicker and have a lower mortality rate after inoculation than many standard yeasts.
43 RESTART is sensory neutral and very malolactic bacteria compatible. It has low nitrogen needs, an alcohol tolerance of 17%, and operates well in a wide range of fermentation temperatures (55-95°F), making it a great choice to restart stuck fermentations.
In previous versions of our winemaking handbook, we've published another restart protocol. That protocol works well with FERMIVIN® CHAMPION or UVAFERM 43® when remaining sugar is relatively high (>3 °Brix) and alcohol is still low (<11.5% v/v). In most situations, the protocol detailed below is preferred.
Prepare the stuck wine:
These steps mitigate potential spoilage organisms and remove some toxic compounds commonly present in stuck wines. These compounds are produced by yeast when stressed and can cause stuck fermentations.
- step 1: Address any potential spoilage organism concerns with SO2, or a 25 g/hL addition of BACTILESS™ or lysozyme.
- step 2: Suspend 40 g/hL (3.3 lb/1000 gal) RESKUE™ in 10 times its weight of warm water 30–37°C (86–98°F). Wait 20 minutes then add to stuck wine. Mix thoroughly to incorporate.
- step 3: Allow the RESKUE to settle for 48 hours.
- step 4: Rack and adjust temperature to 20–25°C (68–77°F). Note new volume after racking.
Prepare the starter mixture:
When adding yeast to a stuck wine environment that contains high alcohol and low sugar, yeast must be very carefully acclimated so they can successfully complete fermentation. These steps prepare a wine mixture that is lower in alcohol and higher in sugar than the stuck wine, which will help slowly acclimate yeast.
- step 5*: Add a portion of the stuck wine and some water to a new vessel:
- Wine volume = 5% of the volume of the stuck wine (from step 4)
- Water volume = 4% of the volume of the stuck wine (from step 4)
- step 6: Add 8g/hL (0.66lb/1000 gal) of FERMAID O™ to the wine prepared in step 5. Calculate this step based on the volume prepared in step 5, not total stuck wine volume.
- step 7*: Adjust to 5% sugar (50 g/L) with cane sugar, grape juice concentrate, or grape juice.
- step 8: Mix well. Maintain temperature of 20–25°C (68–77°F).
*Steps 5 and 7: We recommend adding water and sugar (in the form of cane sugar or grape juice concentrate) to maximize the success of restarting fermentations. However, there are state and federal regulations that address adding sugar and water during the winemaking process. Please check applicable regulations to ensure compliance.
These steps ensure maximum yeast viability. Pro tip: do this step in a vessel that can accommodate up to 4 times the volume of the rehydrated yeast.
- step 9: Add 53 g/hL (4.4 lbs/1000 gal) of GO-FERM PROTECT EVOLUTION™ to 20 times its weight of chlorine-free 43°C (110°F) water. Calculate this step based on the volume of stuck wine, not the starter mixture.
- step 10: Allow solution to cool to 40°C (104°F).
- step 11: Add 40 g/hL (3.3 lbs/1000 gals) of UVAFERM 43 RESTART™ yeast. Stir gently and let stand for 20 minutes, then stir gently again. Calculate this step based on the volume of stuck wine, not the starter mixture.
These steps start the acclimatization of yeast to the stuck wine conditions. Pro tip: start this process in the afternoon so that your mixture in step 15 hits 0° Brix during normal working hours the next day
- step 12: Add enough starter mixture (from step 8) to the rehydrated yeast (from step 11) to drop the temperature by 10°C (18°F). Let stand 15-20 minutes.
- step 13: Mix the acclimatized (yeast from step 12) with the rest of the starter mixture (from step 8).
- step 14: Maintain temperature of 20–25°C (68–77°F).
- step 15: Allow this mixture to drop to 0° Brix. This should take between 18 and 48 hours.
These steps continue the acclimatization of yeast and then inoculates the yeast into the stuck wine.
- step 16: Transfer the mixture from step 15 to the total volume of stuck wine (from step 4). Before transferring, ensure the temperature of the two are within 10°C (18°F) of each other.
- step 17: Add 40 g/hL (3.3 lbs/1000 gal) of FERMAID O. Mix to homogenize.
- step 18: Maintain temperature of 20–25°C (68–77°F) and monitor sugar depletion.
For a printable pdf download of the protocol and accompanying worksheet, click below:Download